Comilla District (Chittagong division) with an area of 3085.17 sq km, is bounded by Brammanbaria and Narayan Ganj districts on the north, Noakhali and Feni districts on the south, Tripura (state of India) on the east, Munshi Ganj and Chandpur districts on the west. Annual average temperature maximum 34.3?C, minimum 12.7?C; annual rainfall 2551 mm. Main rivers are Meghna, Gumti and Dakatia.
Comilla (Town) stands on the bank of the Gumti river. It consists of 18 wards and 46 mahallas. It has an area of 11.47 sq km and a population of 168378; male 52.56%, female 47.44%. Literacy rate among the town people is 60.3%. In the suburb there exists the Commonwealth War Cemetery Memorials, Muktajuddha Museum at Mainamati Cantonment and bangladesh academy for rural development, Mainamati Museum, Comilla Cadet College at Courtbari. Comilla Town is blessed with the memories of national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. Nazrul Islam married twice in life, one at Daulatpur of Muradnagar upazila of the district and the other at Comilla Town. Those places have been marked with memorial plates. Poet Rabindranath Tagore visited Comilla twice. Ustad Muhammad Hussain, Fazle Nizami and Kulendu Das have enriched the cultural heritage of the town. Ustad Ayet Ali Khan established a musical institute here.
Lalmai & Maynamoti Hill
If you are in Comilla and already visited Lalmai, Moinamoti then don’t miss to go Moinamoti museum – where you will find the historical things found in Lalmai & Moinamoti of 7th & 8th
centuries.The Mainamati site Museum has a rich and varied collection of copper plates, gold and silver coins and 86 bronze objects. Over 150 bronze statues have been recovered mostly from the monastic cells, bronze stupas, stone sculptures and hundreds of terracotta plaques each measuring on an average of 9″ high and 8″ to 12″ wide. Mainamati is only 114 km. from Dhaka City and is just a day’s trip by road on way to Chittagong .
Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD)
Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), Comilla is located at Kotbari, a rural area along the Mainamati-Lalmai (one of the archeological sites of Bangladesh) hill range in Comilla district at a distance of about 100 kilometers from the capital city of Dhaka. The sprawling campus covers an area of 156 acres of land including undulating hilly terrain and valleys. A large part of the campus is orchards, vegetable farms, nurseries, parks and roads lined with shady tropical trees. The office and the residential buildings have been designed and located in harmony with the topography and surrounding landscape. The well-planned layout of the institution and green landscape give the campus a serene and idyllic beauty.
The Academy was established in 1959 basically as a training institute to train government officials and representatives of the local government and village organizations in various subjects relating to rural development. It is an autonomous institution governed by a Board of Governors of which the Minister for Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives is the Chairperson. Administratively, it is attached to the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives.
The Board of Governors formulates policies and the Director General of BARD as the Chief Executive implements the policies and conducts the day-to-day affairs within the framework of the ordinance and Service Rules of the Academy. The activities of the Academy carry out by its Faculty working in 9 Divisions each of which is headed by a Director. The Divisions are divided into two broad categories : Service Divisions and Academic Divisions. The Service Divisions include Training; Research; Project; and Administration. The Academic *Divisions are Rural Administration and Local Government; Rural Economics and Management; Rural Education and Social Development; Rural Sociology and Demography; and Agriculture and Environment. The strength of the faculty is 60 including the Director General, Additional Director General, 9 Directors, 14 Joint Directors, 13 Deputy Directors and 22 Assistant Directors. 305 supporting officials and staff assist them.
The Academy is famous for its evolved model “Comilla Approach to Rural Development” in home and abroad; and received National Award in 1986 for its remarkable contribution in Rural Development. http://www.bard.gov.bd,
They are famous historical and archeological places around Comilla. These are a series of hillocks, where the Northern part is called Moinamoti and the Southern part is called Lalmai; and Shalbon Bihar is in the Middle of Lalmai and Moinamoti, which the was established in 8th century by King Buddadev. Salban Vihara, almost in the middle of the Mainarnati-Lalmai hill range consists of 115 cells, built around a spacious courtyard with cruciform temple in the centre facing its only gateway complex to the north resembling that of the Paharpur Monastery.
Kotila Mura situated on a flattened hillock, about 5 km north of Salban Vihara inside the Comilla Cantonment is a picturesque Buddhist establishment. Here three stupas are found side by side representing the Buddhist “Trinity” or three jewels i.e. the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha.
Charpatra Mura is an isolated small oblong shrine situated about 2.5 km. north-west of kotila Mura stupas. The only approach to the shrine is from the East through a gateway, which leads to a spacious hall.
Locally the site is known as Itakhola Mura. As a result excavation a ground plan of an east facing Buddhist temple has been exposed. Five building are rebuilding phases have been found in the temple besides this the remains of small vihare has been exposed on northern side of the temple
Among the discovered antiquities are 18 tola solid gold on silver coin and a copper plate is noteworthy. Besides these a bust of a large size stucco image which is still instu. In consideration of the antiquities and architectural features the temple may be dated in 7 th to 12 th century A.D.